Friedman Official Biography Thomas L.
Beginning in the s, Saddam Hussein ruled the Republic of Iraq with a tight grip. His supporters maintained that through his many social and economic programs he effectively brought the country into the modern age.
His many critics, however, claimed that Saddam was a ruthless dictator who would stop at nothing in his endless push for power. Regardless, the charismatic leader retained control of his country during countless military conflicts, including an eight-year war against Iran in the s and the Persian Gulf War in He also survived a slew of assassination attempts throughout the course of his presidency, and at times he seemed almost invincible.
But in March ofU. Saddam escaped capture, but after a nine-month manhunt, he was caught, imprisoned, and faced multiple charges relating to war crimes and human rights abuses.
Many speculated that the once-invincible ruler would ultimately face the death penalty. A troubled beginning The ex-president of Iraq had a troubled childhood. Saddam Hussein was born on April 28,in the village of Al-Awja, near Tikrit, a town just north of the city of Baghdad, in central Iraq.
His older brother, who was twelve, died of cancer shortly thereafter. After her new son was born, she named him Saddam, which means "one who confronts" or "the stubborn one. We say this so no one will think that America is capable of breaking the will of the Iraqis with its weapons.
His new stepfather was abusive and treated him harshly over the next several years. Khairallah Talfah served as a role model for his nephew, especially influencing his political beliefs. He was shot in the leg but managed to escape, first to Syria and then to Cairo, Egypt.
While in Egypt he studied law at the University of Cairo. That same year he married his first wife, Sajida, the daughter of his mentor, Khairallah Talfah.
Once again Saddam was forced into hiding, but he was caught in and imprisoned for the next two years. Although in jail, he remained involved in party politics.
Saddam, who had become an integral part of the organization, was named vice president. Second in command Although Ahmed Hassan was officially the president of Iraq from throughit was Saddam Hussein who truly held the reins.
And thanks to Saddam, the country enjoyed its most stable and productive period in recent history. Roads were paved, hospitals and schools were built, and various types of industry, such as mining, were expanded. In particular, Saddam focused attention on the rural areas, where roughly two-thirds of the population lived.
Land was brought under the control of the Iraqi government, which meant that large properties were broken up and parcels distributed to small farmers. For example, he brought electricity into even some of the most remote communities. In an effort to wipe out illiteracy, he established free schooling for children through high school and made it a government requirement that all children attend school.
Such large-scale social programs were unheard of in any other Middle Eastern country. When he created his massive reforms, Saddam may have had the benefit of his people in mind, but he was also a shrewd politician.
In order to maintain a stable government and to assure that his party would remain in power, it was necessary to gather as much support as possible.
Saddam also served as the outward face of the Iraqi government, representing the nation on both the domestic and international fronts. On July 22,when an ailing Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr decided to step down as president, it came as no surprise that Saddam Hussein stepped into his shoes.
This included legislation that gave women more freedoms and the fact that a Western-style legal system had been installed. As a result, Iraq became the only Arab country not ruled by the laws of Islam. Major opposition also came from the Kurds who occupied the northern region of the country.
The Kurds are a nomadic people who are concentrated in areas of Turkey, Iran, and Iraq. Saddam even faced resistance within his own party, and he made it a policy to weed out anyone he viewed as a threat.
A few years later, inhe ordered the execution of Tiled portrait of Saddam Hussein in Tikrit, Iraq.Early Life On April 28, , Saddam Hussein was born to a peasant woman in a mud and straw village called Al-Awja near Tikrit, on the banks of the Tigris River.
The ex-president of Iraq had a troubled childhood. Saddam Hussein was born on April 28, , in the village of Al-Awja, near Tikrit, a town just north of the city of Baghdad, in central Iraq. His father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, was a peasant sheepherder who by various accounts either died . Early life Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti was born in to a peasant family in a village near Tikrit, Iraq. His father died before his birth and his mother died in childbirth. Saddam Hussein, also spelled Ṣaddām Ḥusayn, in full Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti, (born April 28, , Al-ʿAwjah, Iraq—died December 30, , Baghdad), president of Iraq (–) whose brutal rule was marked by costly and unsuccessful wars against neighbouring countries.
Saddam bore the physical mark of his tribe on the wrist of his right hand; a tattoo of three dark blue dots. Early life and military career. Pinochet was born in Valparaíso, the son of Augusto Pinochet Vera, a descendant of an 18th-century French Breton immigrant from Lamballe, and Avelina Ugarte Martínez, a woman whose family had been in Chile since the 17th century and was of partial Basque descent.
Pinochet went to primary and secondary school at the San Rafael Seminary of Valparaíso, the. Return to the Teacher’s Guide. Nazi Fascism and the Modern Totalitarian State.
Synopsis. The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist, totalitarian state. Totalitarian regimes, in contrast to a dictatorship, establish complete political, social, and cultural control over their subjects, and are usually headed by a charismatic leader.
Saddam Hussein was the ruthless dictator of Iraq from until He was the adversary of the United States during the Persian Gulf War and found himself once again at odds with the U.S.
in during the Iraq War. A Biography of the Early Life and Dictatorship of Saddam Hussein PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: saddam hussein, dictatorship, biography, early life.
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