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Licencing Abstract The present research study was design to investigate the factors affecting academic performance of graduate students of Islamia University of Bahawalpur Rahim Yar Khan Campus. The data were collected from students through separate structured questionnaire from different departments of Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan Campus using the simple random sampling technique.
For analysis, linear regression model, correlation analysis, and descriptive analysis were used. A linear model was also proposed that will be helpful to improve the academic performance of graduate students at University level.
Many researchers conducted detailed studies about the factors contributing student performance at different study levels. Lot of studies have been conducted in the area of students achievement and these studies identify and analyze the number of factors that affect the academic performance of the student at school, college and even at university level.
The utility of these studies lies in the need to undertake corrective measures that improve the academic performance of graduate students. It is generally assumed that the students who showed better or higher performance in the starting classes of their studies also performed better in future academic years at degree level.
Everyone can be surprised with this assumption if it could be proved scientifically. From the last two decades it has been noticed significantly that there is great addition in research literature and review material relating to indicators of academic achievement with much emphasis on this dialogue, whether traditional achievement measures of academic performance are best determinants of future academic gain at university or higher level or innovative measures.
However, it is also observed that many of the researchers are not agree with this view point or statement. Reddy and Talcott looks disagree with these assumptions that future academic gains are resolute by preceding performance.
In their research on the relationship between previous academic performance and subsequent achievement at university level, they found that students learning or studying at graduate level and the score secured did not predict any academic achievement at university level.
They also cited Pearson and Johnson who observed that on the whole grade association of only 0. It is important to note that even these studies do not agree with the former studies who explored that previous achievement affect the future performance of the students in studies, they confirmed that the admission scores are related to academic performance at university level but to a very minimal extent.
So the students belonging from higher social economical backgrounds will perform better than other students associated with low social economic backgrounds.
Among many research studies conducted on academic achievement, it is not very surprising to observe that Socio-economic status is one of the main elements studied while predicting academic performance.
Considine and Zappala also having the same views as Graetzin their study on the influence of social and economic disadvantage in the academic performance of school students noticed, where the parents or guardians have social, educational and economical advantage definitely strengthen the higher level success in future.
But it is also noted that these parents make available sufficient psychological and emotional shore up to their children by providing good educational and learning environment that produce confidence and the improvement of skills needed for success.
On other hand Pedrosa et. They named this phenomena educational elasticity. It is obvious and true that the criteria for categorizing socio-economic standard in different countries are different depending of their norms and values.
The criteria for low socio-economic status for developed country will be different from the criteria of developing nations and same will be in the case of developing and under developing countries.
It is also assumed that children learning outcome and educational performance are strongly affected by the standard and type of educational institution in which students get their education.Educational Psychology can be explained several ways.
The idea is to study theories and concepts from different parts of psychology and apply them in educational settings. These educational settings may occur in different school settings such as preschool.
The goal of educational psychology is to create a positive student-teacher relationship. Assess the extent to which home based, rather than school – based factors account for social class based differences in educational achievement (30) Focusing on home background initially, we can look at how material and cultural factors might affect a child’s education.
Examining the Reasons for Changes in the Educational Attainment - Examining the Reasons for Changes in the Educational Attainment In this essay, the reasons for the changes that have occurred in recent years in regards to the educational attainment of males and females will be looked at.
education (RESEDUC), the dependent variable, is actual years of educational attainment.
The models measure how the respondents' educational attainment was affected by certain socioeconomic conditions present during their childhood. We may think of these returns from education, such as higher earnings, as subsequent "downstream" benefits of education (later in the chapter we will discuss "upstream" factors that may influence both education and health throughout the life course, especially before children ever reach school age).
This essay will attempt to examine the extent to which home factors may affect social class differences in educational attainment, looking at factors such as culture, income and the nature of the curriculum with reference to sociological theories.