Schizophrenia causes symptoms and treatments

How to Prevent Schizophrenia Introduction Experts now agree that schizophrenia develops as a result of interplay between biological predisposition for example, inheriting certain genes and the kind of environment a person is exposed to. These lines of research are converging: Environmental factors later in life during early childhood and adolescence can either damage the brain further and thereby increase the risk of schizophrenia, or lessen the expression of genetic or neurodevelopmental defects and decrease the risk of schizophrenia. In fact experts now say that schizophrenia and all other mental illness is caused by a combination of biological, psychological and social factors, and this understanding of mental illness is called the bio-psycho-social model.

Schizophrenia causes symptoms and treatments

Share Your Story Schizophrenia medication Given the seriousness and chronic nature of schizophrenia, self-care without also getting treatment by a professional or home remedies are not deemed appropriate treatment for this illness.

There is currently not thought to be a cure for schizophrenia, but there are a number of helpful treatments available, of which medication remains the cornerstone of treatment for people with this condition.

These medications are often referred to as antipsychotics since they help decrease the intensity of psychotic symptoms. Many health care professionals prescribe one of these medications, sometimes in combination of one or more other psychiatric medications, in order to maximize the benefit for the person with schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia symptoms in teenagers are similar to those in adults, but the condition may be more difficult to recognize. This may be in part because some of the early symptoms of schizophrenia in teenagers are common for typical development during teen years, such as: It's not known what causes schizophrenia, but researchers . Paranoid schizophrenia represents the most common of the many sub-types of the debilitating mental illness known collectively as with all types of schizophrenia become lost in psychosis of varying intensity, causing them to lose touch with reality. Schizophrenia is an illness of the brain that causes certain characteristics, abnormal experiences, and are several types of schizophrenia that involve different clusters of symptoms. It is possible that slightly different disease processes are involved in the different types of schizophrenia.

Medications that have been found to be particularly effective in treating the positive symptoms of schizophrenia and therefore are considered top choices or first-line treatments, include orally taken medications like risperidone Risperdalolanzapine Zyprexaquetiapine Seroquelziprasidone Geodonaripiprazole Abilifypaliperidone Invegaasenapine Saphrislurasidone Latudabrexpiprazole Rexultiand iloperidone Fanapt.

Medications that may be taken by injection or by mouth include chlorpromazinehaloperidol Haldolfluphenazinerisperidone Risperdal Constaolanzapine Zyprexa Relprevvaripiprazole Abilify, Abilify Maintena, Aristradaand paliperidone Invega Sustenna.

Injectable medications tend to be more long-acting compared to oral preparations, lasting as much as four weeks at a time, thereby improving consistency of treatment.

Although older antipsychotic medications in this class like haloperidol Haldolthioridazine Mellarilperphenazine Trilafonand molindone Moban are more likely to cause muscle stiffness, impaired motor coordination, shakiness, and very rarely uncoordinated muscle twitches tardive dyskinesia that can be permanent, health care professionals appropriately monitor the people they treat for these potential side effects, as well.

Overview: Paranoia and schizophrenia

Some of the abnormal muscle movements, like tremors for example, akathisia or stiffness dystonia can be managed using anti- tremor medications like benztropine Cogentin or amantadine Symmetrel.

Also, more recent research regarding all antipsychotic medications seems to demonstrate that the older first-generation antipsychotics are just as effective as the newer ones, both in the management of current symptoms and prevention of future symptoms, and have no higher rate of people stopping treatment because of any side effect the medications cause.

Not all medications that treat schizophrenia in adults have been approved for use in treating childhood schizophrenia. Clozapine Clozarilwhile thought to be highly effective for treating schizophrenia, has potentially serious, even fatal side effects that prevent it from being used prescribed more often.

Those side effects can include dangerously low white blood cell count, inflammation of the heart muscle myocarditisas well as what are classified as metabolic side effects, like elevated blood sugar and cholesterol levelsweight gainand elevated prolactin levels.

While reserpine, a medication that also reduces blood pressurehas also been found to decrease psychotic symptoms, the fact that safer, more effective medications now exist has resulted in its being far less frequently used these days. Prochlorperazine Compazine has strong antipsychotic effects but is used to treat nauseavomitingand vertigo.

Mood-stabilizer medications like lithium Lithobiddivalproex Depakotecarbamazepine Tegretoland lamotrigine Lamictal can be useful in treating mood swings that sometimes occur in individuals who have a diagnosable mood disorder in addition to psychotic symptoms for example, schizoaffective disorder, depressionin addition to schizophrenia.

These medications may take a bit longer to work compared to the antipsychotic medications. Some for example, lithium, divalproex, and carbamazepine require monitoring of medication blood levels, and some can be associated with birth defects when taken by pregnant women. Divalproex and lamotrigine carry the rare potential of causing a potentially rare autoimmune reaction Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Antidepressant medications are the primary medical treatment for the depression that can often accompany schizophrenia and meta-analyses systematic reviews of published studies of how people with this illness fare when taking antidepressants support treatment with these medications.

Despite its stigmatized history, electroconvulsive therapy ECT can be a viable treatment for people whose schizophrenia has inadequately responded to a number of medication trials and psychosocial interventions.

Schizophrenia: Symptoms, causes, and treatments

While some medications that treat schizophrenia may carry risks to the fetus in pregnancy and during breastfeedingcareful monitoring of how much medication is administered and the health of the fetus and of the mother can go a long way toward protecting the fetus from any such risks, while maximizing the chance that the fetus will grow in the healthier environment provided by an emotionally healthy mother.Schizophrenia is defined as a mental or brain disorder that causes one to suffer symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech and behavior.

Read about treatment of schizophrenics, types, and testing. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental illness, characterized by emotional instability.

What is it?

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Individuals with this disorder have difficulties with impulse control, maintaining relationships, self-image and identity, and may show "black or white" thinking.

Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis. According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, the most common symptoms of spinal stenosis .

Schizophrenia is a mental health illness that affects about 1 percent of all adults globally. It can cause symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, problems concentrating, lack .

In Canada, one in every one hundred people is diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia causes symptoms and treatments

It is found worldwide in people of all races, cultures, and social classes. Symptoms; Causes; Treatments; Definition.

Schizophrenia causes symptoms and treatments

Schizophrenia is a disabling, chronic, and severe mental illness that affects more than 21 million people around the world. Symptoms of schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic