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The Dumbing Down of World Knowledge"journalist Edwin Black characterized the content of articles as a mixture of "truth, half-truth, and some falsehoods". More like Dumbness of the Crowds"said that articles usually are dominated by the loudest and most persistent editorial voices or by an interest group with an ideological "axe to grind".
Fleming—May noted that omissions within an article might give the reader false ideas about a topic, based upon the incomplete content of Wikipedia. An Ethnography of WikipediaDariusz Jemielniaka steward for Wikimedia Foundation projects, stated that the complexity of the rules and laws governing editorial content and the behavior of the editors is a burden for new editors and a licence for the "office politics" of disruptive editors.
In "Wikipedia or Wickedpedia? However, do not assume that these sources are reliable—use the same criteria to judge them as you would any other source.
Do not consider the Wikipedia bibliography as a replacement for your own research. The British librarian Philip Bradley said that "the main problem is the lack of authority. With printed publications, the publishers have to ensure that their data are reliable, as their livelihood depends on it.
But with something like this, all that goes out the window.
The inmates started running the asylum. The study concluded that Wikipedia and Britannica were comparable in terms of the accuracy of its science entries". According to the editors of Britannica, Britannica was more accurate than Wikipedia in that respect.
Inaccurate information that is not obviously false may persist in Wikipedia for a long time before it is challenged. The most prominent cases reported by mainstream media involved biographies of living people.
The Wikipedia Seigenthaler biography incident demonstrated that the subject of a biographical article must sometimes fix blatant lies about his own life. In Mayan anonymous user edited the biographical article on American journalist and writer John Seigenthaler so that it contained several false and defamatory statements.
Wikipedia content is often mirrored at sites such as Answers. Such information can thereby develop false authority due to its presence at such sites. In OctoberAlan Mcilwraitha former call center worker from Scotland, created a Wikipedia article in which he wrote that he was a highly decorated war hero.
The article was quickly identified as a hoax by other users and deleted. Gene Weingartena journalist, ran such a test inin which he inserted false information into his own Wikipedia article; it was removed 27 hours later by a Wikipedia editor.
Core content policies Wikipedia regards the concept of a neutral point of view as one of its non-negotiable principles; however, it acknowledges that such a concept has its limitations—its NPOV policy states that articles should be "as far as possible" written "without editorial bias".
Mark Glaser, a journalist, also wrote that this may be an impossible ideal due to the inevitable biases of editors. Oliver Kammin a column for The Timesargued instead that: Critics of the web decry the medium as the cult of the amateur.
Wikipedia is worse than that; it is the province of the covert lobby. The most constructive course is to stand on the sidelines and jeer at its pretensions.
WikiScanner only reveals conflicts of interest when the editor does not have a Wikipedia account and their IP address is used instead. Conflict-of-interest editing done by editors with accounts is not detected, since those edits are anonymous to everyone except some Wikipedia administrators.
The topic in this second dispute was the greenhouse effectand The New Yorker reported that this dispute, which was far more protracted, had led to arbitrationwhich took three months to produce a decision.
The outcome of arbitration, as reported by Nature, was a six-month parole for Connolley, during which he was restricted to undoing edits on articles once per day. In January it was revealed that several staffers of members of the U.
References to a campaign promise by Martin Meehan to surrender his seat in were deleted, and negative comments were inserted into the articles on United States Senator Bill Frist and Eric Cantora congressman from Virginia. Numerous other changes were made from an IP address assigned to the House of Representatives.i AUTHORS Professor Lorraine Dennerstein, Office for Gender and Health, Dept Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Australia Associate Professor Irene Figà -Talamanca,,Occupational Health, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Italy Penny Kane, Senior Associate, The Office for Gender and Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia.
Mitigating Vulnerability in Individuals with Mental Health Problems to Sexual Assault - Sexual violence is a pressing social problem with victims of sexual assault having to cope with physical and psychological consequences (Welch & Mason, ).
Oct 09, · Research shows trusted work relationships are crucial to career advancement, but some male leaders are getting skittish around female colleagues. Free Sexual Harassment papers, essays, and research papers.
Legislative Information Office State House Station Augusta, ME voice: () fax: () tty: () Microsoft Word Viewer. About 30% of the victims of sexual harassment are men.
About 20% of the perpetrators of sexual harassment are women. The data on perpetrators is less clear. The best I can find is this Australian study finding that 21% of harassers are women.
The German poll finds it’s 25%. I’m less confident on.